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Information: All of our modules are presented in English. Therefore, this page is only available in the English language. 

Module: Wireless Systems and MIMO Technology (40233)

About the Module

This module deals with the most relevant wireless communication systems and discusses their architecture, interfaces, and services. The corresponding air interfaces are explained and compared. As an example of today's broadband mobile systems based on IP technology, LTE is presented in details. System planning and maintenance issues are introduced as well. A special highlight consists of the economic importance and costs of the different components of the system. Then, the module focuses on a fundamental component of modern wireless technology, namely Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technology, i.e., using multiple transmission and reception antennas in order to create an additional “spatial" dimension for signaling over wireless channels. The target is to enable students to understand MIMO technology and its main implications and trade-offs at the system design level.

Further Information

Quick Facts
Module Components:
Two Concurrent Courses:
Wireless Communication Systems (3 LP)
MIMO Systems and Adaptive Transmission (3 LP)
Duration of Module:
One semester
Type of examination:
Portfolio exam
Enrollment for exam:
Total LP:
Available to:
The course is open to students enrolled in any MSc in EE, CS, Mathematics and Physics. 
Prerequisite for participation to courses are mathematical background at the level of beginning MS students in Electrical Engineering (multivariate calculus, Fourier and Laplace Transforms, signals and systems, linear algebra and notions of matrix theory).
Module Year:
LP = Leistungspunkte/Credits


Module Content

Wireless Communication Systems
  1. Basics of Mobile Communication: History of Mobile Communication, Market, Regulation and Standardization, Frequencies, Mobile Channel, Cellular Radio, Services. 
  2. Overview of Wireless Communication Systems: Public Cellular Mobile Radio Systems, Trunked Mobile Radio, Broadband Wireless Access (WiFi, WiMax), Further Systems, Network Planning and Optimization.
  3. Broadband Access: WiFi, WiMax, FLASH-OFDM, Femtocells.
  4. GSM: General overview, Architecture, The Radio Interface, Signaling Architecture and Protocols, Signaling Functions, Network Management, GSM-R.
  5. Enhanced GSM: GPRS, EDGE, WAP.
  6. 3G Systems: General overview, Architecture, The Radio Interface, HSPA, Basic Core Entities, The Core Network, Services.
  7. Beyond 3G - 4G: Multi Radio Access, End-to-End IP, LTE, Further research activities.
  8. Economics: Basics, Structure of the Business Case UMTS, Business Case LTE.
  9. Health aspects (if time permits)


MIMO Systems and Adaptive Transmission
1. Introduction: Why parallel transmission is more efficient than serial?
2. MIMO channels
  • Singular value decomposition (SVD)
  • Parallel transport of multiple data streams over random channels
3. MIMO Capacity
  • Derivation from multivariate information theory
  • Normalization of the channel, effective path loss
 4. MIMO Transmission
  • Channel estimation and how the transmitter can be informed about the channel
  • Using channel information at the receiver, at the transmitter and at both sides
  • Closed-loop operation as the best trade-o_ between performance and complexity
  • Real-time implementation
5. Link adaptation for MIMO
  • Overview on serial-link schemes
  • Extension to MIMO
  • Introduction to Multiuser MIMO
 6. Applications
  • MIMO in wireless LANs
  • MIMO in cellular networks
  • Vectoring
7. Recent research in wireless and optical networks


Module Supporting Material

Wireless Communication Systems
Lectures are based on extensive material gathered during many years of system design at Siemens, NSN and Nokia. Lecture slides will be provided.
Additional reading material can be found in the following list:
  • George Calhonn, Digital Cellular Radio. Artech House Boston London, ISBN: 0-89006-266-8; 1988
  • Michael Mouly; Marie-Bernadette Pautet, The GSM System for Communications, ISBN 2-9507190-0-7; 1992
  • Bernhard H. Walke Mobile Radio Networks, Second Edition. John Wiley & sons; LTD ISBN 0-471-49902-1; 1998
  • Ellen Kayata Wesel, DATA COMMUNICATION MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, Addition-Wesley ISBN 0-201-63394-9; 1998 M.Sc. Degree 2014-2015 22
  • Ramjee Prasad; Werner Mohr; Walter Konhäuser, Third Generation Mobile Communication Systems, Artech House Publishers Boston London ISBN 1-58053-082-6; 2000
  • Walter Konhäuser, Werner Mohr, Access Network Evolution Beyond Third Generation Communications, IEEE Communications Magazine; Dec 2000
  • Sauter, Martin Grundkurs Mobile Kommunikationssysteme, Vieweg + Teubner 2008 (Eine verständliche Einführung in die Grundlagen der Mobilkommunikation - von GSM bis HSPA+und WLAN)
  • Rumnay, Moray (Hrsg.), LTE and the Evolution to 4G Wireless, Wiley 2009 (Umfassende Beschreibung des LTE-Standards und seiner Entstehung)
  • Mishra, Ajay Ranjan Fundamentals of Cellular Network Planning and Optimisation, John Wiley & Sons 2004 (Erläutert die Grundlagen der Netzplanung bei den gängigen Mobilfunkstandards) 
  • Jochen Schiller Mobile Communication ISBN 978-3-8273-7060-0 5/2003
  • Ergen, Mustafa Mobile Broadband - Including WiMAX and LTE, Springer 2009 (Beschreibt insbesondere das Modulationsverfahren OFDMA)
  • Newton, Harry Newton's Telecom Dictionary, Flatiron Pub 2009 (Das weltweit meistverkaufte Wörterbuch aus dem Bereich Telekommunikation)
  • Walke, Bernhard Mobilfunknetze und ihre Protokolle 1, Vieweg+Teubner 2001 (Eines der wenigen deutschsprachigen Bücher zu GSM und UMTS)
MIMO Systems and Adaptive Transmission
  • C. Eckart and G. Young, A Principal Axis Transformation for Non-Hermitian Matrices, Bull. Am. Math. Society, vol. 45, no. 2, pp.118-121, 1939.
  • G. Foschini and M. Gans, On Limits of Wireless Communications in a Fading Environment when Using Multiple Antennas, Wireless Personal Commun., vol. 6, pp.311-335, 1998.
  • E. Telatar, Capacity of Multi-antenna Gaussian Channels, Europ. Trans. Telecommunications, vol. 10, no. 6, pp.585-595, 1999.
  • S. Kullback, Information Theory and Statistics. Dover Publications, Inc. Mineola, New York, 1968.
  • B. Hochwald, T. Marzetta, V. Tarokh, Multiple-Antenna Channel Hardening and its Implications for Rate Feedback and Scheduling, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 50, no. 9, pp.1893-1909, Sept. 2004.
  • B. Steiner and P. Jung, Optimum and Suboptimum Channel Estimation for the Uplink of CDMA Mobile Radio Systems with Joint Detection, Europ. Trans. Telecom., vol. 5, no.1, pp.3950,1994. 
  • V. Jungnickel et al., A MIMO System with Reciprocal Transceivers for the Time-Division Duplex Mode, in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Antennas and Propagation Society, vol. 2, June 2004, pp.1267-1270.
  • M. Costa, Writing on Dirty Paper, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 29, no. 3, pp.439- 441,1983.
  • Q.H. Spencer et al., "Zero-forcing methods for downlink spatial multiplexing in multiuser MIMO channels," IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol. 52, no. 2, pp.461-471, Feb. 2004.
  • V. van Zelst, T. C. W. Schenk, "Implementation of a MIMO OFDM-based wireless LAN system," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol.52, no.2, pp.483-494, Feb. 2004.
  • V. Jungnickel et al. Interference-Aware Scheduling in the Multiuser MIMO-OFDM Downlink, IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 47, no. 6, pp.56 66, June 2009.
  • G. Ginis, J.M. Cioffi, "Vectored transmission for digital subscriber line systems," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol.20, no.5, pp.1085-1104, Jun 2002. M.Sc. Degree 2014-2015 25
  • M. K. Karakayali et al., Network coordination for spectrally efficient communications in cellular systems, IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 13, no. 4, pp.56-61, 2006
  • R. Irmer et al., "Coordinated multipoint: Concepts, performance, and field trial results, "IEEE Communications Magazine”, vol.49, no.2, pp.102-111, February 2011
  • V. Jungnickel et al., "The role of small cells, coordinated multipoint, and massive MIMO in 5G," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.52, no.5, pp.44-51, May 2014
  • T. Morioka et al., "Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol.50, no.2, pp.31-42, February 2012.

  • C. E. Shannon, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication," The Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 379423, 623656, July, October, 1948.

Zusatzinformationen / Extras


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COURSE - Wireless Communication Systems

LV-Nr. 0432 L 615
Prof. Walter Konhäuser

COURSE - MIMO Systems and Adaptive Transmission

LV-Nr. 34331600 L 006
Dr. Volker Jungnickel

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